© Pedro Menezes
© Pedro Menezes
© Câmara Municipal do Porto Santo
© Neide Paixão
© Câmara Municipal do Porto Santo
© Élvio Sousa
© Susana Fontinha
© Élvio Sousa
© Francisco Fernandes
© António Aguiar
© Susana Fontinha
© Élvio Sousa
© Pedro Menezes
© Filipe Viveiros
© Élvio Sousa
© Pedro Menezes

Agrodiversity

 

Local agrodiversity is also a differentiating factor of the proposed Reserve, represented by wildlife species, wild relatives of some of the main agricultural crops, agricultural species, represented by local varieties and agrosystems with unique structures and techniques.

 Agricultural Porto Santo (c) Susana Fontinha

The wild relatives of the agricultural crops encompass about 200 taxa, 114 of which are native and 47 endemic. The most representative groups of this agrodiversity are the legumes, the grasses and the brassica. The agricultural species represent the second most important and representative component, where 95 taxa are listed.

Rapistrum rugosum (c) Francisco Fernandes

The most representative cultivations are the cereals, followed by the legumes and the fruit. Of the local varieties, tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum), wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), Indian pea (Lathyrus sativus), beans (Phaseolus lanatus), onions (Allium cepa), sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas), lentils (Lens culinaris), watermelons (Citrullus lanatus) and table grapes (Vitis vinifera), are noteworthy.

Vitis vinifera Porto Santo

 

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